Famous Scientists Who Influenced the IT Industry

Famous Scientists Who Influenced the IT Industry

Computer science is a discipline involving the understanding and design of computers and computational processes. It is concerned with the understanding of information transfer and transformation particularly on making the processes efficient and providing these processes some form of intelligence.

Only one in 10 adults in the United States feel they have sufficient computer and internet skills to use digital tools such as HR software they need for their daily work. It’s clear that proper training is crucial to improving work quality and general performance, but it must also be handled appropriately.

The study of Computer Science is generally about problem solving which is an essential and very practical skill for life. Famous computer science majors have studied the design, development, and analysis of software and hardware used to solve problems in a variety of business, scientific, and social contexts which ultimately lead to the advancement of the society. 

The following are some famous computer scientists and the most popular IT people the industry has known:

Steve Jobs

Steve Jobs may be the most famous IT person as of date. He was the co-founder and chief executive of Apple Computer. While the Apple Computer was founded as a partnership in 1976 selling just printed circuit boards, it ended up creating a batch of completely assembled computers and entered the personal computer business. But it was not until the Apple II was introduced the following year that it final became an important player in the industry. Despite Apple’s success, he left in 1985 but eventually returned. He drove the company deeper into the consumer electronics and computing market, launching the iMac and iPod.

Tim Berners-Lee

Tim Berners-Lee is an English computer scientist and is known as the father of the web and champion of IT freedom. In 1990, he combined the internet with the hypertext concept which created the worldwide web. The first website http://info.cern.ch/ was built and put online in 1991. More importantly, he made his ideas available freely, with no patent and no royalties due. In 2004, he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his pioneering work.

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Bill Gates

Bill Gates mixed Mathematics and money to build what you know now as Microsoft, the biggest software company in the world. As a joint founder of the company, he was instrumental in making technology available to the masses. Microsoft took off when he started licensing his MS-Dos operating system to manufacturers of IBM-PC clones while the development of Windows drove it to global dominance. In 2006, he announced that he would move to a part-time role with the company in 2008 to focus on his philanthropic work and has since given away EU15.5bn or a third of his wealth to charity.

James Gosling

James Gosling, unlike Gates and Jobs, did not drop out of college and actually completed a Ph.D. in computer science and contributed to software innovation at a technical level. In the 1990s, he initiated and led a project that eventually became Java and was formally launched in 1995 which allowed the creation of robust, reusable code that runs on devices as diverse at mobile phones, PCs, and mainframes.

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Linus Torvalds

Linus Torvalds is a Finnish-American software engineer and is known as the creator of the Linux kernel, which became the kernel for operating systems such as GNU, Android, and Chrome OS. He has been a driving force behind the whole open source movement which inspired the industry to move to open standards and an ever increasing challenge to proprietary software. He was honored with the 2012 Millennium Technology Prize by the Technology Academy Finland, as well as the recipient of the 2014 IEEE Computer Society Computer Pioneer Award.

Hedy Lamarr

Hedy Lamarr was an Austrian-American film actress known for old films such as Samson and Delilah and White Cargo, but she was also the co-inventor of the technology behind spread spectrum and frequency hopping, which paved the way for technologies of the future like Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. This creation was inspired by the urge to contribute to the war effort in the ongoing World War at the time by designing a jam-proof radio guidance system for torpedoes.

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Mark Zuckerberg

Mark Zuckerberg, probably the most recognized name in the IT industry today, is an American programmer, Internet entrepreneur, executive, philanthropist, and the founder of the most widely-used social networking tool of this era – Facebook, a place for friends and family to connect and is used by business for building its identity as well as engaging with customers. To date, his net worth is estimated to be US54.5bn making him the 5th richest person in the world. In 2012, he and his wife announced that they would give the majority of their wealth to the advancement of human potential and promotion of equality in the spirit of The Giving Pledge and on 2015, they announced that they would give 99% of their Facebook shares to the Chan-Zuckerberg Initiative.

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Elon Musk

Elon Musk is a Canadian-American business magnate, investor, engineer, and inventor. He is the founder, CEO, and CTO of SpaceX; co-founder, CEO, and product architect of Tesla Motors; co-founder and chairman of SolarCity; co-chairman of OpenAI; co-founder of Zip2; and founder of X.com which merged with PayPal of Confinity. As of 2016, he has an estimated net worth of US12.7bn making him the 83rd wealthiest person in the world. More importantly, he has stated that the goals of these companies he founded and co-founded revolve around his vision to change the world and humanity. His goals include reducing global warming through sustainable energy production and consumption and reducing the risk of human extinction by setting up a human colony on Mars.

Larry Page

Larry Page is an American computer scientist and an Internet entrepreneur, and known to be the co-founder of Google Inc., which started as a research project at Stanford together with Sergey Brin. He is also the inventor of PageRank, Google’s best-known search ranking algorithm. He received the Marconi Prize in 2004. To date, Google has remained to be the most popular and reliable search engine on the web.

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Carl Sassenrath

Carl Sassenrath is an American architect of operating systems and computer languages. In 1985, he introduced multitasking to personal computers with the creation of the Amiga Computer operating system kernel, the first multimedia personal computer of its time. He is currently the designer of the REBOL computer language, as well as the CTO of REBOL Technologies, a specialized computer language technology.